Primary preventive measures are designed to act before the disease takes place and to avoid its ocurrence. Therefore, these measures are the most cheap and effective ones. Vaccination constitutes one of these measures.
Secondary preventive measures are those which diminish the manifestations of the disease. These measures encompass early diagnosis and treatment.
Tertiary prevention aims to reduce after-effects and complications resulting from a disease. Tertiary prevention has to do with rehabilitation.
Some specialties, such as general or family medicine, are becoming more prevalent and make of prevention the cornerstone.
As a student or health professional, which is your viewpoint regarding your country's role of prevention in medical practice or in health policies?
As Eduardo Castilla has stated about the role of prevention in developed and developing countries, "Developed countries have prevented congenital defects adopting primary measures first and secondary measures later. Tertiary measures were the natural consequence arising from improvements in medical care, standard of living and social acceptance of human diversity. Developing countries need to skip over those steps due to the lack of planning capacity. Thus, they offer secondary and tertiary measures to the upper classes and avoid the primary prevention stage, paradoxically the most economical and effective one".
What do you think?
Translation: M. Paz de Andrés